Tutorials > Applying Masked Decals

This tutorial will show you how easily you can add decals to your models in Softimage|XSI using the Rendertree. Our task in the Rendertree will be to bring up a Mix2Colors node so that we can enable a color to show up on top of another color, while using a texture image to mask out a shape (the flower, in this case), and finally adding bump mapping. It might sound complex, but it's really simple once you got it all laid out in front of you. This technique is well suited for adding "brand names" or logos to your models. By the way, feel free to draw render regions as you work to see how a certain step affects the appearance (hold Q+drag in viewports; shift+Q to disable).

This is what we're going to achieve...

Bottle Decal

...using this :

Rendertree Overview

...and this :

Mask & Bump

1.
First, download the database of the example scene. Unzip it somewhere, run XSI, and open the scene DecalTutorial.
2.

The scene is already lit and the bottle is ready to be worked on. Select the bottle, press 3 to switch to the Render module, then click on Material > Phong. Set the Diffuse Color to 0.9/0.9/0.9 (almost pure white) and decrease the Ambient to 0. For the Specular Color, enter 1.5/1.5/1.5 and 250 in the Specular Decay field.

This will ensure that your object will receive no ambient light (which we will turn off in step 3 anyway) and that the specularity is strong and concentrated.

Phong

Material > Phong
3.
Next, we'll get rid of the ambient light. Click on Ambience and bring down the color to 0 (tip: hold CTL while clicking on a color slider to modify all 3 colors simultaneously). Ambience
4.
Since we'll be using textures, we need to assign a Texture Projection to the bottle that will act as a placeholder for the textures. Click on Property > Texture Projection > XY; you'll see a green outline appear : that's the projection. Property > Texture Projection > XY
5.

Select the projection. Note that you can scale / rotate / translate projections just like standard objects. The only difference is that they don't have components (like points, edges, etc.) Anyway, I won't get too deep into that for now. Translate and scale the projection in the Front viewport until it fits well on the lower portion of the bottle :

 
6.
The rest of the tutorial will take place in the Rendertree. Select the bottle and press 7 to bring up its Rendertree. Click on the Phong node and press F2 to rename it. Type Bottle_Color (no spaces allowed!) and press OK. It's a good habit to rename important nodes, for the sake of convenience.  
7.

Right click on the Material node, and choose Disconnect All Inputs. Click on Nodes > Mixers > Mix 2 Colors. Connect the Mix2Colors node (click the red dot, hold and drag) to the Material's Surface, Shadow and Photon inputs. Then, connect Bottle_Color to Mix2Colors' base_color input.

Mix2Color

The bottle's basic color is now set to be "under" the color1 value.

 
8.
Click on Nodes > Illumination > Phong; connect it to Mix2Colors' color1 input. This is the color that will show up through the mask. Choose a lively color you like for the Diffuse Color (I chose blue; I love blue :) and bring down the Ambient Color to 0. Enter 1.5/1.5/1.5 for the Specular Color, and 150 for Specular Decay. This phong will have a greater "spread" of specularity than the bottle one that used a decay of 250. Before proceeding, press F2 in the Rendertree and rename that Phong node to Decal_Color.  
9.
Now we need to define the mask to be used for the decal color. Click on Clip > Create Clip from File... If it doesn't already default to that path, browse to ..\BottleDecalTutorial\Pictures and choose flower_mask.pic, then press OK. Close the panel.
10.

In the Rendertree, click on Clips > flower_mask_pic; it brings up the file so it can be plugged into an Image node. Click Nodes > Texture > Image, then connect flower_mask_pic to the tex input of Image. Connect the Image node to Mix2Colors' weight input, then double-click on Image. Make sure the Texture Projection drop-down points to the projection we created earlier; if not, select it.

Texture Projection

 
11.
If you draw a render region over the bottle, you'll notice that indeed the decal color is cut out by the mask, but something's missing : bump mapping. Without it, your decal looks rather flat. Let's go ahead and add bump mapping. Click Clip > Create Clip from File... again, but this time choose flower_bump.pic, which is a blurred version of the mask I did in Photoshop using feathers. Bring it up in the Rendertree by doing Clips > flower_bump_pic. Get another Image node by clicking on Nodes > Texture > Image, and connect flower_bump_pic to its tex input.
12.

Double-click on the Image node you just created, and select the texture projection in the drop-down menu. We could create another projection and place it elsewhere, but for this example we want it exactly on top of the decal. Enable bump mapping and enter a value of 3 for the Bump Map Factor.

Lastly, connect the Image node to Bottle_Color's bump input; a converter will be automatically created in between the nodes for the data to be properly translated.

 
 

That's it! You're done creating the decal :) This is how your Rendertree should look like in the end :

Rendertree Overview

I hope this tutorial has been helpful! For any questions or comments, e-mail me.

-Goat0r